In the recent times, population is a major concern in building countries like India. To curb the situation, families should try to adopt ‘Small Family’ theories. At the desired outcome of 1 or 2 new generation kids, the family should try to use contraceptive methods.
The population of India grew at an average annual rate of 1.2 percent between 2010 and 2019, as per a UN sexual and reproductive agency report. Presently, the population of India stands at 1,380,233,788 based on a ‘Worldometer’ elaboration of the latest United Nations data which is almost equal to 17.7 % of the total world’s population count. Being a developing country, India needs to control its population systematically and strategically, and here arises the term ‘Family Planning’.
According to WHO, family planning can be defined as “Family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. A woman’s ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy.”
India was the first country in the world to launch the ‘National Programme For Family Planning’ in 1952 only. After that, it has been modified over the years in terms of actual implementation and its existing policies. In the present times, the program does not only set its goals to achieve a population stabilisation but also includes promoting reproductive health and reducing maternal, infant, child mortality, and morbidity. Though it has been 50 years of implementation of the National Family Programme, India is still now in a turbulent condition and is yet to achieve its replacement level of fertility. In the present scenario of 2020, the Government is planning to reconceptualise & repositioning the program to be more responsive to the needs and demands of the country which differs among different states and regions. There is an urgent need to revitalise and energise programmatic efforts in the empowered action group (EAG) states where progress has been slow.
Here comes the role of operationalising the concept of known and informed contraceptive ways for both male and female individuals.
Contraceptive methods aim to prevent conception and thus regulating the fertility rate. It aims in two ways: Temporary or Permanent where a temporary method includes spacing for the first pregnancy or spacing between two pregnancies.
Permanent includes the sterilisation to limit the family size after attaining the desired one.
For the spacing methods, there are several ways like
- Barrier methodswhich include condom and spermicide which prevents the pregnancy
- Spermicides which is available in theform of creams or foaming tablets or suppositories
- Oral contraceptive pill
- Non-hormonal oral contraception (Centchroman)
- IUCD – Intrauterine contraceptive device
and the permanent method includes the process of sterilisation which involves blocking the duct that carries the egg or sperm. For this process, you need to visit a specialist.
Before all this, there is a need for proper education and awareness among people, and the need for why they should follow the policies of family planning led by the government.
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